Carl Maria von Weber

Jubel-Ouvertüre in E major

J245, Op. 59

About this work

Weber composed the Jubel Overture in August 1818, and it exists as an independent concerto work. Except its title, the Jubel Overture bears no relationship with the Jubel-Kantate that Weber completed in 1818. The Jubel Overture is a relatively short work that resembles some of the other concert overtures he composed in his career and exists in the tradition of concert overtures as found with Beethoven.

The work begins with a solemn, chordal introduction in which Weber establishes clearly the tonality. He then proceeds to a faster section full of the scalar passages and other figures typical of his mature music. The sonata-like form includes a slower, softer passage, followed by a reprise of the ideas that occurred earlier. Near the end of the Jubel Overture, Weber quotes the tune "God Save the King" (known in Germany as "Heil Dir im Siegerkranz," and which was the German national anthem until 1922) in a broad manner that recalls the opening of the overture.. While he had already used this melody in the cantata Kampf und Sieg, Op. 44 J. 190, its statement in the Jubel Overture reinforces the triumphant conclusion of this work.

In terms of style, the Jubel Overture clearly bears Weber's imprint with regard to motives, texture and timbre. In character it resembles the kind of overture Weber used for his operas, and it is wholly in the spirit of Der Freischütz and Euryanthe. The Jubel Overture is a celebratory piece without an explicit program, except for the joyful mood suggested by the title.